Maria Garcia 2017-03-23 18:00:00
The formal definition of plastic surgery is that it is the reconstruction of facial and body defects that occur as a result of trauma, birth disorders, burns, and disease. After the First World War, it came into prominence during World War I when it was used for the reconstructive repair of soldiers in the French Army. There are now many different types of plastic surgery that focus on restoring the ‘look’ of many body parts including the skin and facial features due to illness, accident or age.
The most common type of plastic surgery today is actually what is known as cosmetic surgery. It most often focuses on breast surgery which includes augmentation, lift and reduction. Facial surgery which includes the brow, eyes, nose, neck and face. Body surgery including tummy tucks and liposuction and skin rejuvenation that involves BOTOX, laser resurfacing and filter injections.
Here are some of the most common types of plastic surgery:
In this procedure, the abdomen is reshaped and firmed and excess skin and fact is removed from the middle and lower abdomen. The goal is to tighten the muscle and fascia of the abdominal wall. Tummy tucks are popular with people who have lost a lot of weight or among women after pregnancy.
Breast enlargement is still the most common procedure in plastic surgery. This is accomplished with fat grafting, or with saline or silicone gel prosthetics. Implants may be considered for cosmetic reasons or by patients who have had breast cancer and had one or both of their breasts removed. Breast reduction involved a process whereby skin and glandular tissue is removed to make the breasts smaller. It is often done to reduce discomfort. Breasts can also be lifted which raises the breasts, giving them a more youthful shape. Learn more about breast implants on WebMD.
This may involve buttock augmentation that enhances the appearance of the buttocks by making them larger. Or it could be a buttock lift, a procedure that lifts the buttocks so that they stick out more and have a tighter appearance. There are also procedures to tighten loose skin on the thighs and hip areas that removes sagging or loose skin.
Probably the most famous of all plastic surgery is a rhinoplasty or nose job. In this case the surgeon reshapes the patient's nose to improve the appearance of the nose. Sometimes this procedure is medically required to deal with breathing problems, but most often a nose job is part of a full facial adjustment including tightening the skin and a facelift.
The whole purpose of a facelift is to remove wrinkles and make the patient's face look younger. This is done by removing excess facial skin and then redraping it on the patient's face or neck. The most popular type of facelifts is done by making an incision in front of the ear, then separating the skin from the deeper tissues with a scalpel or scissors. Then stitches are made to tighten the skin, the skin redraped, and the excess skin removed. If you want to learn more about facelift procedures, PlasticSurgeryInfo.ca has plenty of resources and information on their website.
Liposuction is the surgical removal of fat from areas of the body including the abdomen, thighs, buttocks, hips, backs of the arms, and neck. This can be done in one operation, but it depends on the amount of fat that needs to taken out. The most that is usually removed in one session is about 5 kilograms. There are some risks to liposuction that include the chance of infection or swelling, as well as allergic reactions. Smoking tobacco products can be s significant factor in undermining recovery from liposuction.